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Nuclear Safety Cooperation

R1.01/04 A - Liquid radioactive waste treatment system (LRWTS) for Kola NPP - Lot 3 - Cementation system

  • Closed
Benefitting Zone
Eastern Europe / North Asia
€ 2,884,252.00
EU Contribution
Contracted in 2006
Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States


Type of activity

On Site Assistance



Contracting authority


Method of Procurement

(FR2007) (Ext. act) Supply - Local open procedure with prior publication - Art. 243.1 IR


08/12/2006 - 08/10/2010





Project / Budget year

TACIS 2004 - Nuclear Safety Action Programme / 2004


Kola NPP consists of four VVER-440 power units and comprises two special buildings where liquid radioactive waste (LRW) storage vessels are located. These two special buildings were constructed during the 1st construction stage (Units 1 and 2) and 2nd construction stage (Units 3 and 4) respectively. Accumulated LRW is temporarily stored in stainless steel tanks. It has to be processed in such a way as to allow for safe long-term storage, transportation and final disposal of such waste.

It has been decided to renovate the Liquid Radioactive Waste Treatment Unit (LRWTU) at Kola NPP in order to create a complex of process systems, installations and equipment for handling and treatment of waste which has been accumulated up to the present time and in future. This will be done by means of solidification to reduce the initial amount of waste and conditioning for controlled safe storage and further final disposal.

The complete LRWTU includes the following sub-systems, units and equipment (see the block diagram of the complete LRWTU in the attached diagram):

  • А1 – dissolution and extraction of salts (R1.01/94G);
  • А2 – concentrating (R1.01/96C);
  • А3 – cementation of waste ion-exchange resins and sludge (R1.01/04A Lot 3);
  • А4 – extraction of liquid radioactive waste from storage tanks (R1.01/94G);
  • А5 – removal of radionuclides from evaporator concentrate solutions (R1.01/04A Lot 5/1 and R1.01/04A Lot 5/2);
  • Transport/process equipment for handling the solidified waste (R1.01/04A Lot 1);
  • Radiation control (monitoring) equipment (R1.01/04A Lot 2);
  • Auxiliary systems and units;
  • Solidified waste storage facility.

Several of the above systems and components of the LRWTU have been provided through the TACIS programme, as indicated in the above list (see projects R1.01/94G, R1.01/96C, R1.01/04A Lots1-5). Project R1.01/04A Lot 4 comprised the supply of valves for installation at the connections between the different process systems. A feasibility study was also performed in the framework of project R1.6/91.


Project R1.01/04A, programmed in the TACIS Annual Action Programme of 2004, was the so-called 'large-scale' equipment supply project for Kola NPP. It was divided into several lots in order to purchase the remaining equipment needed for the construction of the LRWTU.

The present contract was for Lot 2. Under this contract, Radiation Monitoring System equipment was delivered.

The radiation monitoring system equipment, being an integral part of the LRWTU, is intended to ensure that radiation safety codes and standards are followed during the LRW removal from the storage facilities, their treatment, solidification and transfer to the Solidified Radwaste Storage Facility (SRWSF).

The RMS performs the following functions:

  • radiation process monitoring;
  • radiation area monitoring;
  • monitoring personnel hand contamination by beta-active substances.

System information is sent to the local network of the Kola NPP:

  • at the LRWTU control room;
  • at the radiation monitoring board;
  • locally, at the monitoring point.

The RMS consists of two subsystems:

  1. process radiation monitoring system (PRMS);
  2. radiation condition and personnel hand contamination monitoring system (RCMS).

Scope of supply

The scope of the supply comprises two sets composed of equipment for:

PRMS (Process Radiation Monitoring System), comprising;

  • 4 pcs. – gamma-radiation dose rate stationary monitor for filter-container;
  • 1 pc. – gamma-radiation dose rate stationary monitor for the cement compound filled container;
  • 1 pc. – mobile (transportable) spectrometric monitor for monitoring of:
    • NRP container (non-returnable protective container) filled with cement compound,
    • Filter container filled with spent sorbent and
    • Barrel filled with salt cake of fusion
  • 1 pc. – water activity stationary monitor;
  • 3 pcs. – purified salt solution stationary monitor.
  • 2 pcs. – aerosol activity stationary monitor with pump unit;
  • 1 pc. – aerosol activity stationary monitor without pump unit;
  • 1 pc. – aerosol activity portable monitor with pump unit;
  • 1 pc. – industrial computer;
  • 1 pc. – portable monitor maintenance unit;
  • 1 set – network equipment (cables, etc.);
  • 1 set – software;

RCMS (Radiation condition and personnel hand Contamination Monitoring System)

  • 13 pcs. – gamma-radiation dose rate detecting unit;
  • 6 pcs. – hands beta-active contamination detecting unit;
  • 19 pcs. – local optical-acoustic indicator;
  • 3 pcs. – local controller;
  • 1 pc. – industrial computer;
  • 1 set – portable unit for system maintenance;
  • 1 set – network equipment (cables, etc.);
  • 1 set – software.

The scope of supply includes the design, manufacture, supply and supervision for installation and commissioning of the components and systems. It also includes the provision of documentation, acceptance testing, certification, assistance to the End User in licensing and the required training of KNPP personnel.


The specified equipment was delivered, installed and commissioned and all services, including training of End User personnel, were satisfactorily performed. The Provisional Acceptance Certificate (PAC) was signed in December 2010. The warranty period was completed in accordance with the contract and the Final Acceptance Certificate (FAC) was signed in May 2012.
See attached brochure in English and Russian languages.